An OIr. word usually glossed as ‘race, tribe, nation, or kindred’. It was used to describe an aristocratic descent group in both early Ireland and Gaelic Scotland. Among the best-known groups under this distinction were the Cenél Conaill or Tír Chonaill (Tirconnell or Donegal) and the Cenél Eógain of Tír Eógain (Tirowen or Tyrone). Cf. W cenedl [race, nation]. See DÁL; DERBFHINE. See also T. M. Charles-Edwards, Early Irish and Welsh Kinship (Oxford and New York, 1993).