Kerameikos, large and (in ancient authors) loosely defined district of NW Athens based on the potters' (kerameis) quarter. Within the Themistoclean wall it embraced the area from the Dipylon gate up to and including the Agora, for which it could be a virtual synonym, although Classical authors used it above all of the famous extramural cemetery (including the National Cemetery, see epitaphios) lining the routes which fanned out from the Sacred and Dipylon gates. Excavations provide detailed information about Athenian mortuary practices over 1,500 years. Many fine funerary monuments, both ceramic and sculpted, are now displayed in the Athens archaeological museum (see Art, Funerary, Greek). The deme Kerameis lay in this area. See Athens, Topography; cemeteries.
Subjects: Classical Studies.