(b Paris, 10 March 1910; d Montpellier, 21 Jan. 1999). French musicologist and composer. He took lessons from Nadia Boulanger (1925–7) and studied composition at the Paris Conservatoire with Busser (1933–5) and, privately, with Delvincourt; his conducting teachers were Mengelberg and Walter in Amsterdam (1935–6) and Monteux (1936–7). He also studied musicology (1930–6). He taught at the Sorbonne from 1952, and later at the Conservatoire and the university. In 1969 he became the founder and first director of the department of music and musicology at the Sorbonne (now Paris IV), retiring in 1979 to begin composing again.
From The Oxford Companion to Music in Oxford Reference.