Sir Ernst Boris Chain

(1906—1979) biochemist

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Howard Walter Florey, Baron (1898—1968) experimental pathologist and bacteriologist

Sir Alexander Fleming (1881—1955) bacteriologist and discoverer of penicillin


Adolf Hitler (1889—1945)

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  • Contemporary History (Post 1945)


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German-born British biochemist, who began his research career at Cambridge University in 1933. Two years later he joined Florey at Oxford, where they isolated and purified penicillin. They also developed a method of producing the drug in large quantities and carried out its first clinical trials. The two men shared the 1945 Nobel Prize for physiology or medicine with penicillin's discoverer, Alexander Fleming.

Subjects: Science and Mathematics — Contemporary History (Post 1945).