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An establishment in which large holdings of engraved plates are kept and which maintains large stocks from which impressions are printed as ordered by the public. There are three main national chalcographies: Rome, founded by Clement XII in 1738, which includes most of the plates of the great 18th-century Italian printmaker Giovanni Battista Piranesi (1720–78); Madrid, founded in 1789; and Paris, established in 1797.

Subjects: Art.

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