Chamberlen was born in London on 8 May 1601, and died at Woodham Mortimer, Essex on 22 December 1683. Chamberlen's father and grandfather were both surgeons, and his grandfather invented, or at least commercially exploited, a new design of surgical forceps which proved especially useful in midwifery, as the instrument could be used to grip tightly but without harming the patient. According to Aveling (1882), the making and selling of these forceps earned a minor fortune for the family. Peter Chamberlen was educated at the Merchant Taylors School and Emmanuel College, Cambridge before going on to study medicine at Padua. He chose to become a physician rather than a surgeon, and graduated MD in 1619.
From The Biographical Dictionary of British Economists in Oxford Reference.