Samuel Chandler died on 8 May 1766. He was educated at Bridgwater and at Samuel Jones's Dissenting Academy at Tewkesbury, where his fellow pupils included the future Anglicans Thomas Secker and Joseph Butler. After study at Leiden Chandler became minister to the Presbyterian congregation at Peckham. The loss of his wife's fortune in the South Sea Bubble led him to open a bookshop. His rising popularity led to his appointment to the important chapel at the Old Jewry in 1726, first as assistant and then from 1728 as sole minister. One of the most politically astute and important dissenting ministers of his time, Chandler was a man of uncompromising integrity – a quality which did not always endear him to his fellow dissenting ministers whose consciences were perhaps more flexible. He was elected FRS in 1754 and was made DD by the Universities of Edinburgh and Glasgow. Chandler was a dissenter on principle: he seems to have rejected a number of offers of preferment in the Anglican Church, to many of whose leading members he appears to have been close. He was one of those who discussed the possibility of the Comprehension of dissenters within the Established Church in 1748 but nothing came of the idea.
From The Continuum Encyclopedia of British Philosophy in Oxford Reference.