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An Indian Moon probe, with European and NASA involvement, launched 2008 October by the Indian Space Research Organization into a circular polar orbit around the Moon; the name Chandrayaan is Hindi for ‘Moon Craft’. Its instruments included the Terrain Mapping Camera (TMC) to generate a 3-D map of the Moon; the Hyper Spectral Imager (HySI) for mineral mapping; the Lunar Laser Ranging Instrument (LLRI) for topographical mapping; the Miniature Synthetic Aperture Radar (Mini-SAR) to search for water ice at the Moon's poles; and a set of X-ray spectrometers for mapping specific elements on the surface. In 2008 November the Moon Impact Probe (MIP) was released and hit the lunar surface near the Moon's south pole. Contact was lost with Chandrayaan-1 in 2009 August.

http://www.isro.org/satellites/chandrayaan-1.aspx Official mission website.

Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics.

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