(Eng. title Song of the Nightingale)
Ballet in one act with choreography by Massine, music by Stravinsky, and designs by Matisse. Premiered 2 Feb. 1920 by the Ballets Russes de Diaghilev at the Paris Opera, with Karsavina, Sokolova, and Idzikowski. Based on the Hans Christian Andersen fairy-tale, the ballet tells the story of the Emperor of China who is saved from death by the song of the nightingale. The score is the symphonic poem which Stravinsky extracted from his opera Le Rossignol. In 1925 Diaghilev revived the ballet and commissioned the young Balanchine to choreograph it. It was Balanchine's first creation in the West. Later versions include Cranko (Munich, 1968) and Taras (New York City Ballet, 1972). In 1999 Kenneth Archer and Millicent Hodson staged a reconstruction of Balanchine's version for Les Ballets de Monte Carlo.