Howard Irving Chapelle


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American naval architect and author, who studied naval architecture in New York from 1920 onwards. In 1936 he started in business on his own, and produced in all some 120 different designs for fishing craft, yachts, and sailing boats. During the Second World War (1939–45) he served in the US Army in charge of ship- and boat-building programmes, and in 1956 went to Turkey as adviser on the construction and equipping of their fishing fleets (see also fisheries). On his return to the USA he was appointed maritime historian at the Smithsonian Institution in Washington and was awarded the Smithsonian gold medal for distinguished service to the institution. Among the many books he wrote were: The Baltimore Clipper, History of the American Sailing Ships, Yacht Design and Planning, History of the American Sailing Navy, Bark Canoes and Skin Boats of North America, American Small Sailing Craft, American Sailing Craft, Boatbuilding, and The American Fishing Schooners.

Subjects: Maritime History.

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