(b Villena, nr Alicante, 27 March 1851; d Madrid, 25 March 1909). Spanish composer. The son of a village barber, he studied at the Madrid and Paris conservatories and in Rome. Several of his many zarzuelas, including La bruja (‘The Witch’, 1887) and La revoltosa (‘The Troublemaker’, 1897) are staples of the Spanish repertory. He also wrote operas, chamber music, and orchestral works, including a Berlioz-influenced Fantasia morisca (1876) and a tripartite tone-poem Los gnomos de la Alhambra (1899), both of which are effective examples of alhambrismo, the picturesque imitation of Moorish music that attracted many of his Spanish contemporaries. He also founded the Sociedad de Autores (1899) to safeguard copyright for all Spanish artists.
From The Oxford Companion to Music in Oxford Reference.