Jean Chapus

(fl. 1432—1472)

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(b ?Avignon; fl 1432; d after 20 Jan 1472). French painter. He is documented in Aix-en-Provence from 1432 to 1472, although he may previously have worked in Avignon. He painted banners, including two for King René I of Naples, Duke of Anjou (1448), and received a number of commissions for altarpieces and other works. These included altarpieces for the Dominican church in Carpentras (1435) and for Notre-Dame-des-Accoules in Marseille (1441), a panel (1447) dedicated to St Anne, with a depiction of the Virgin and Child with St Anne in the centre, six scenes of the Life of St Honorat for the bakers’ guild in Aix (1449), a painting of St Gregory and 18 Other Saints for Catherine Tele of Aix (1453) and a predella for Melchior Gautelmi of Trets (1454); in 1458 he painted and gilded a cross with images of Christ and the Virgin for the prior of Callas. However, none of these can be identified with a surviving work. Chapus was once thought to be the master of the Aix annunciation (Boyer) on the grounds that he acted as a witness to the draper Pierre Corpici, patron of the Annunciation altarpiece (central panel, Aix-en-Provence, Ste Marie-Madeleine), in 1444, but this hypothesis has been rejected, as has the suggestion that he was a collaborator of Guillaume Dombet.

From The Grove Encyclopedia of Northern Renaissance Art in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Renaissance Art.

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