(1643–1713). Probably the most important French author of travels in the Orient. A Protestant jewel merchant, he spent 13 years in Persia; after the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes he took refuge in England and Holland. His Journal du voyage du chevalier Chardin en Perse (1686) was much praised and translated; his complete Voyages in 10 vols. appeared in 1711. He gives a detailed and objective account of Persian society, based on serious research and a knowledge of the language and its literature. His writings, with Tavernier's, are a major source of Montesquieu's Lettres persanes.
From The New Oxford Companion to Literature in French in Oxford Reference.