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A light two‐wheeled war vehicle usually carrying a warrior and a driver pulled by horses. Clumsy four‐wheel prototypes drawn by four asses can be seen in the Uruk Period of Mesopotamia and are figured on the royal standard of Ur. Lighter two‐wheeled versions appear in the Near East in the 17th century bc associated with the Hyksos, Kassites, and Hurrians. The Mycenaeans adopted the chariot in Greece, and from there such vehicles spread rapidly into other parts of Europe. In China, the earliest chariots date to the 13th century bc. The chariot revolutionized warfare by allowing the rapid movement of warriors from one part of a battlefield to another.

Subjects: Arts and Humanities.

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