A predominantly lay movement within the main Churches. It originated in Pentecostalism, and, like it, emphasizes group worship and the exercise of the spiritual ‘gifts’ (charismata), especially Divine (or spiritual) healing, and glossolalia. It began in N. America and dates from c.1960. In the RC Church its importance was recognized by representation at the 1987 Rome Synod of Bishops on the Laity. Here it is more structured and theologically conservative than when it first appeared.