Tanneguy du Chastel

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1st Vicomte de La Bellière, Baron de Derval (b c. 1425; d Bouchain, Nord, 27 May 1477). French nobleman and collector. He was a boyhood friend of Charles VII's eldest son Louis, whom he accompanied on an escapade in 1444 to the Swiss Conferation and Alsace, and he is documented at the Passage of Arms at Pentecost 1449 in Tarascon. He became an important courtier and favourite of Charles VII; his devotion to Charles was exemplified by his presence at the monarch's death and by the fact that he financed the royal obsequies. He also held various appointments under Francis II, 10th Duke of Brittany, and then under Louis XI. Chastel was an informed collector of illuminated manuscripts; his collection is now dispersed in Vienna, The Hague, Paris, Oxford and London. Some volumes bear his arms and those of his wife, Jeanne Raguenel de Malestroit, while others carry only individual names. The work of celebrated French illuminators is represented, including a two-volume manuscript of Jean Froissart's Chronicles (Paris, Bib. N., MSS fr. 2663–4), executed (c. 1410–15) in the workshops of the Bedford Master and the Master of the Rohan Hours, and the first of two volumes of the City of God (Paris, Bib. N., MS. Fr. 25), illustrated by the Virgil Master and the Master of the Berry Apocalypse. The Remèdes de l'une et l'autre Fortune (Vienna, Österreich. Nbib., MS. 2559), a French translation of Petrarch, contains paintings from the Maître François group. Chastel also owned a Livre de Boèce de Consolation, an anonymous French glossed translation of Boethius (Oxford, Bodleian Lib., MS. Douce 352), and a copy of the Bouque-chardlière by Jean de Courcy (The Hague, Rijksmus. Meermanno–Westreenianum, MS. 10 A 17). At least three engraved portraits are thought to depict Chastel's features and personality.

From The Grove Encyclopedia of Northern Renaissance Art in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Renaissance Art.

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