Chavín Culture

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Early Horizon communities living in the northern highlands and the northern and central sections of the coast of Peru in the period 900–250 bc. Recognition of the Chavín Culture is based on similarities in architectural styles (temples), iconography (especially the representation of the ‘Staff God’), and ceramic forms between sites, and this is taken as evidence of interregional political and social integration, perhaps the articulation of chiefdom‐style social organization. In such a system the chiefs of each community developed access to luxury goods and adopted common iconography as a way of expressing their power and standing. The focus of the Chavín Culture is the site of Chavín de Huantár, Peru.

Subjects: Archaeology.

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