(b. 1901, d. 6 Jan. 1972).
Chinese general Born at Loshan (Sichuan province), he studied in St Germain and Grenoble (France) 1919–21, where he met Zhou Enlai. On his return he joined the newly formed Chinese Communist Party (CCP) as well as the Guomindang. At Zhou Enlai's invitation he went to the Whampoa Military Academy in 1926. When the coalition between the Guomindang and the CCP ended in 1927, he escaped to join Mao Zedong and Zhu De in Jianxi. Chen soon became a leading figure in the Communist army. He did not take part in the Long March, but organized instead the 22nd Red Army to pursue guerrilla warfare in central and southern China. In the Sino‐Japanese War he became commander of the New 4th Army, which by 1947 comprised over 200,000 men. He thus played a central role in the Communist victory in the Chinese Civil War. On the establishment of the People's Republic he became Mayor of reoccupied Shanghai and was then chosen by his old friend, Zhou Enlai, to become Foreign Minister (1958–66). He was deposed in the Cultural Revolution and stripped of all his offices.
Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945).