(1841–1915), OT scholar and critic. He was the grandson of T. H. Horne. Educated at Worcester College, Oxford, he was successively viceprincipal of St Edmund Hall (1864), Fellow of Balliol (1868), rector of Tendring, Essex (1880), and Oriel Professor of the Interpretation of Holy Scripture at Oxford (1885–1908). In 1884 he became a member of the OT Company engaged on the Revised Version. Studies at Göttingen under H. G. A. Ewald in 1862 having led him to a critical view of the OT, he upheld as early as 1871 the ‘documentary hypothesis’ of Pentateuchal sources. His mind, however, went through many phases. His pastoral work at Tendring lent his writings an evangelical and homiletic colour for some years. Later he became highly, and finally recklessly, unconventional in his biblical criticism and ideas. Among his chief writings are Prophecies of Isaiah (1880–1), Hosea (1884), Job and Solomon (1887), Book of Psalms (1888), and Founders of Old Testament Criticism (1893). The chief production of his last period, the Encyclopaedia Biblica (4 vols., 1899–1903), which he edited in conjunction with J. Sutherland Black, reflects the combination of daring and originality which marked his later work.
From The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church in Oxford Reference.