A registered carer providing play and learning opportunities for children within a home setting. Inspected annually by the Early Years Directorate of Ofsted against national day care standards, a childminder usually looks after children under 5 in their own home, but can also look after older children before or after school and during school holidays. Childminders have a duty to follow the guidelines for the Early Years Foundation Stage for children aged 0–5, and the statutory ratio for adult:child as specified in national standards. The majority of childminders are self‐employed, but they can be employed by local authorities to look after vulnerable children at risk of neglect or abuse. Qualifications are not necessary, but many childminders belong to a self‐support network and work towards a level 3 Certificate in Childminding Practice.