(b San Sebastián, 10 Jan. 1924; d San Sebastián, 19 Aug. 2002).
The leading Spanish sculptor of his period. His work was abstract and predominantly in iron, developing from jagged skeletal or ribbon-like forms (From Within, 1953, Guggenheim Mus., New York) to much more solid pieces, often characterized by twisting, interlocking shapes (Modulation of Space I, 1963, Tate, London). There is usually no suggestion of figuration, however remote, and no trace of modelling. The impact of the works depends partly on the obscure emotional appeal of the contorted shapes created in a stubborn material. Chillida won numerous awards and his sculpture is represented in collections and public settings worldwide. He also had a distinguished career as a printmaker.