Muin al-Din Muhammad Chishti


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(d. 1236)

Founder of the Chishti Sufi order, the most important and widespread Sufi order in India. Born in Sistan (Sijistan) and died in Ajmer. Came to India in 1193 after traveling in Khurasan and Baghdad. Freely adopted local Indian practices into his order, including the use of music in Sufi rituals, which then became an important point of contact between Muslims and the indigenous people of India. His tomb in Ajmer is one of the most popular shrines in northwestern India, visited by Muslims, Sikhs, Hindus, and Christians alike.

See also Chishti Tariqah

Subjects: Islam.

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