(b Danzig [now Gdańsk, Poland], 16 Oct. 1726; d Berlin, 7 Feb. 1801).
German painter, illustrator, and printmaker of Polish ancestry, active in Berlin, where he settled in 1743. Largely self-taught, he began with miniatures and progressed to oil paintings and etchings. From the late 1760s he concentrated on book illustrations and became the most prolific and famous German artist of his time in this field, with a huge and varied output. His illustrations of literary works include many attractive scenes of contemporary bourgeois life, and it is for these that he is chiefly remembered. In 1797 he became director of the Berlin Academy.
Subjects: Art — Literature.