Chogye Order

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The largest order of celibate clergy in modern Korean Buddhism (see Korea), this group traces its origins to the foundation of the Sŏngwang Temple on Mt. Chogye by the eminent master Chinul (1158–1210). Originally one of the Nine Mountains of Korean Sŏn.it eventually absorbed all the other schools to become the sole representative of the meditative tradition. During the period of Japanese occupation (1910–45), it opposed the Japanese-sponsored T'aeko order in which clergy married, ate meat, and drank wine according to the Japanese custom. After the end of the Second World War, the Chogye Order fought for many years on the legal and legislative fronts to take control of monastic properties for the exclusive use of celibate clergy, and expel all married monks. It finally succeeded, and today is the most prominent group in Korean Buddhism.

Subjects: Buddhism.

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