French statesman, Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs (1758–70). He concluded the Family Compact of 1761 with Charles III of Spain and, considering the weakness of the French position, was a successful negotiator at the Treaty of Paris in 1763. He then tried to reform the army and navy, but was dismissed in December 1770 when he tried to persuade Louis XV to support Spain against Britain over the Falkland Islands. Lorraine and Corsica were both annexed during his period in office.
Subjects: World History.