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n. inflammation of the gall bladder. Acute cholecystitis is a frequent complication of gallstones but in a minority of cases can occur in the absence of gallstones (acute acalculous cholecystitis). It is usually treated by analgesics, intravenous fluid therapy, and broad-spectrum antibiotics, but cholecystectomy is the usual definitive treatment of cholecystitis. Chronic cholecystitis was used in the past to describe recurrent episodes of biliary colic; the term should be avoided. See also cholesterosis, Murphy’s sign.

Subjects: Medicine and Health.

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