n. inflammation of the gall bladder. Acute cholecystitis is a frequent complication of gallstones but in a minority of cases can occur in the absence of gallstones (acute acalculous cholecystitis). It is usually treated by analgesics, intravenous fluid therapy, and broad-spectrum antibiotics, but cholecystectomy is the usual definitive treatment of cholecystitis. Chronic cholecystitis was used in the past to describe recurrent episodes of biliary colic; the term should be avoided. See also cholesterosis, Murphy’s sign.
Subjects: Medicine and Health.