Deterioration and softening of the articular cartilage lining the undersurface of the kneecap. The damage is usually caused by repetitive rubbing of the kneecap on the femur. It sometimes, but not always, causes a patellofemoral pain. However, it should not be assumed that all such pain is due to chondromalacia patellae (see patellofemoral pain syndrome). Treatment of chondromalacia patellae includes non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS) to reduce inflammation, and strengthening and stretching exercises to improve the structures around the knee.
Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine.