Christian Socialism

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Frederick Denison Maurice (1805—1872) Church of England clergyman and theologian

Charles Kingsley (1819—1875) novelist, Church of England clergyman, and controversialist

John Malcolm Forbes Ludlow (1821—1911) lawyer and social activist

St Maurice (d. c. 287)

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A 19th-cent. movement for social reform initiated by members of the C of E. The first phase, beginning in 1848, was an attempt to counter Chartism within the working classes by providing an alternative Christian social critique; the second, from 1877, was more political and aimed to permeate the Church with social radicalism. The establishment of the Working Men's College in 1854 was the work of F. D. Maurice. Other leaders were J. M. F. Ludlow, C. Kingsley, and Thomas Hughes.

Subjects: Christianity.

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