Christian X


'Christian X' can also refer to...

Christian X (1870–1947)

Christian X (1870–1947)

The Truth, the Way, the Life: Christian Commentary on the Three Holy Mantras of the Śrīvaiṣṇava Hindus. By Francis X. Clooney.

The Singular Beast: Jews, Christians, & the Pig. By Claudine Fabre-Vassas (New York: Columbia University Press, 1997. x plus 401pp.)

Hans Christian Andersen and Music: The Nightingale Revealed. By Anna Harwell Celenza. pp. x + 269. (Ashgate, Aldershot, 2005, £45. ISBN 0-7546-0140-4.)

David Maxwell. Christians and Chiefs in Zimbabwe: A Social History of the Hwesa People. Westport, Conn.: Praeger. 1999. Pp. x, 291. $59.95

James A. Denton. Rocky Mountain Radical: Myron W. Reed, Christian Socialist. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press. 1997. Pp. x, 206. $45.00

Wayne A. Meeks. The Origins of Christian Morality: The First Two Centuries. New Haven: Yale University Press. 1993. Pp. x, 275. $30.00

The Crucible of Christian Morality. By J. Ian H. McDonald. Pp. viii + 247. (Religion in the First Christian Centuries. London & New York: Routledge, 1998. ISBN 0415 11859 x. Paper n.p.

Jonathan Elukin. Living Together, Living Apart: Rethinking Jewish-Christian Relations in the Middle Ages. (Jews, Christians, and Muslims from the Ancient to the Modern World.) Princeton: Princeton University Press. 2007. Pp. x, 193. $24.95

Muslims and Christians Face to Face By Kate Zebiri. Oxford: Oneworld Publications 1997. Pp. x, 258. Price PB £14.99. 1–85168–133–7.

Chinese Christians in America: Conversion, Assimilation, and Adhesive Identities, by Fenggang Yang. University Park, PA: The Pennsylvania State University Press, 1999, x + 238pp. $50.00 (cloth), $18.95 (paper)

God's Ambassadors: A History of the Christian Clergy in America. By E. Brooks Holifield. (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2007. x, 356 pp. $30.00, ISBN 978-0-8028-0381-8.)

Allies for Armageddon: The Rise of Christian Zionism. By Victoria Clark. (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2007. x, 331 pp. $28.00, ISBN 978-0-300-11698-4.)

In Defense of Christian Hungary: Religion, Nationalism, and Antisemitism, 1890–1944, Paul A. Hanebrink (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2006) x + 255 pp., $39.95

The Blackwell Companion to Christian Ethics. Edited by Stanley Hauerwas and Samuel Wells. Pp. xiv + 510. Oxford: Blackwell, 2004. isbn 0 631 23506 X. £85/$124.95

Capital Punishment and Roman Catholic Moral Tradition. By E. Christian Brugger. Pp. xii + 281. Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 2003. isbn 0 268 02359 X. $50.

A History of the Popes, 1830–1914. By Owen Chadwick. Pp. x + 614. (The Oxford History of the Christian Church.) Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1998. ISBN 0 19 826922 6. £70.

Douglas R. Edwards. Religion and Power: Pagans, Jews, and Christians in the Greek East. New York: Oxford University Press. 1996. Pp. x, 234. $39.95


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King of Denmark (1912–47), best remembered for his courage in the face of the Nazi occupation of Denmark in World War II.

In 1898 Christian, eldest son of the future King Frederick VIII (1843–1912), was appointed chief of the royal guard and in the same year married Alexandrine of Mecklenburg-Schwerin. He was created crown prince in 1906, and was a leading opponent of the sale of the Danish West Indies to the USA in 1911. During World War I he regularly met the two other Scandinavian neutrals, Norway and Sweden, and after the war Denmark obtained Schleswig from the defeated Germans. At home, he signed in 1915 a new constitution giving equal suffrage to men and women, and in 1918 Iceland (a Danish possession since 1381) became a separate kingdom – to achieve full independence as a republic in 1944. During World War II, when Germany occupied Denmark (1940–45), Christian was often seen riding on horseback through the capital Copenhagen to underline his continuing claims for Danish sovereignty. In 1942 he rejected Nazi demands for antisemitic legislation, but was forced a year later to condemn partisan sabotage of the railways. In August 1943 he made a speech against the occupying forces and was imprisoned for the rest of the war.

Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945).

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