Queen of Sweden. The only surviving child of Gustavus Adolphus, she succeeded to the Swedish throne in 1632. Assuming government in 1644, she made it her first aim to end the Thirty Years War, and she was partly responsible for the Treaty of Westphalia (1648). She promoted education at home and patronized foreign scholars. She abdicated in 1654. In 1655 she became a RC and settled at Rome.