chromium(III) oxide

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A green crystalline water-insoluble salt, Cr2O3; r.d. 5.21; m.p. 2435°C; b.p. 4000°C. It is obtained by heating chromium in a stream of oxygen or by heating ammonium dichromate. The industrial preparation is by reduction of sodium dichromate with carbon. Chromium(III) oxide is amphoteric, dissolving in acids to give chromium(III) ions and in concentrated solutions of alkalis to give chromites. It is used as a green pigment in glass, porcelain, and oil paint.

Subjects: Chemistry.

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