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Belonging to or characteristic of the Roman statesman, orator, and prose writer Cicero (Marcus Tullius Cicero, 106–43bce), especially in relation to prose style; or, as a noun, a follower of Cicero. His style of oratory and prose, marked by logical but elaborately balanced subordinate clauses (see periodic sentence), was adopted as the purest model by subsequent writers of Latin, and often imitated to a slavish degree during the Renaissance, when some dogmatic Ciceronians regarded Latin words and expressions that postdated his writings as impure, thus tending to ossify the language. A few English prose writers of the 16th century, notably Richard Hooker, imitated Cicero's Latin constructions, but this model was largely rejected by later generations as too pompous and inflexible. A Ciceronianism is an expression typical of Cicero or his imitators; but a cicerone is a guide, usually one who is well acquainted with the antiquities and history of an old city.

Subjects: Literature.

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