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Bronze Age nomadic communities occupying the Russian steppes north of the Black Sea during the later 2nd millennium bc, well known in the archaeological literature for their horse‐riding skills. The Cimmerians were driven out of their traditional homelands by the Scythians in the 8th century bc, retreating through the Caucasus to cause havoc in Anatolia and the Near East. Their relatives the Thracians retreated into the Balkans, where they had rather more success in establishing themselves north of the Aegean.

Subjects: Archaeology.

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