Civitas‐capital of the Dobunni, Corinium grew to be one of the most considerable towns of Roman Britain. The town developed on the site of two successive forts on Fosse Way. A 4th‐cent. inscription mentioning a Rector (governor) of Britannia Prima, one of the four late Roman provinces of Britain, suggests that Cirencester may have been a provincial capital. Though there is no evidence for occupation after c.400, Cirencester is one of three former Roman towns mentioned in the Anglo‐Saxon Chronicle entry for 577.