city academy

'city academy' can also refer to...

city academy

city academy

ELSE, Joseph (1874 - 1955), late Principal, Nottingham City College of Art; Sculptor; Exhibitor at Royal Academy

LEWIS, John (Anthony) (born 1946), Principal, 1989–2006, Academy Adviser and School Improvement Partner, 2006–11, Dixons City Academy (formerly Technology College), Bradford

JAMES, Lewis Cairns (1865 - 1946), retired Professor Royal Academy of Music; Royal College; Guildhall School of Music, and City of London School

THIMAN, Eric Harding (1900 - 1975), Professor, Royal Academy of Music, London, since 1931; Organist to the City Temple, London, since 1958

de GREY, Roger (1918 - 1995), President of the Royal Academy, 1984–93; Principal, City and Guilds of London Art School, since 1973

KRISHNA MENON, Vengalil Krishnan (1896 - 1974), Indian Statesman and Lawyer; Member, Lok Sabha, for Trivandrum City, Kerala, since 1971 (for Midnapore, West Bengal, 1969–71); Senior Counsel, Supreme Court of India, at New Delhi; Chairman, Indian Academy of International Law and Diplomacy; Hon. Professor, Jawaharlal Nehru University; Visiting Professor, University of Delhi

DUFFEY, George Frederick (1843 - 1903), ex-President Royal College of Physicians, Ireland; Professor of Materia Medica, Royal College of Surgeons, Ireland; Physician to the Royal City of Dublin Hospital; Inspector of Examinations, General Medical Council; Visitor for HM Privy Council in Ireland of Examinations of the Pharmaceutical Society of Ireland; Fellow of the Royal Academy of Medicine in Ireland, etc

MINOT, George Richards (1885 - 1950), Fellow, American Academy Arts and Sciences, American Philosophical Society, Royal Society of Medicine, etc.; Member, National Academy of Sciences of United States; Professor of Medicine, Harvard University, 1928–48, Emeritus, since 1948; Hon. Member (formerly Director) Thorndike Memorial Laboratory; Visiting Physician, Boston City Hospital, 1928–49, retired; Member Board of Consultation, Massachusetts General Hospital; Consulting Physician Peter Bent Brigham since 1928, and Beth Israel Hospital, Boston, since 1929

FLETCHER, Banister (Flight) (1866 - 1953), architect, surveyor, author, lecturer; Barrister-at-law of the Inner Temple; Past Vice-Pres. and Hon. Sec. of Architectural Association; Hon. Member of the British Academy of Arts at Rome; Hon. Member of American Institute of Architects; Hon. Corres. Member of Société Centrale des Architectes Français; Member of Court of Common Council; one of HM Lieutenants of the City of London; Chairman of the City Lands Committee (Chief Commoner), 1921; Chairman of City of London School, 1914 and 1915; Chairman of Library Committee, 1917; Senior Sheriff of City of London, 1918–19; Chairman of Greater London Regional Planning Cttee 1927–33; Master of the Worshipful Company of Carpenters, 1937

ELGAR, Edward (1857 - 1934), Master of the King’s Musick since 1924; Hon. Freeman City of Worcester; Membre (Correspondant) de l’Institut de France (Académie des Beaux-Arts); Commandeur, Ordre de la Couronne and Associé Académie des Beaux-Arts (Belgium); Hon. Fellow and Hon. Freeman, Worshipful Company of Musicians (London); Hon. Member Royal Academy of Music (London); Member Maatschaapij tot Bevordering der Toonkunst (Holland); Mus. Doc. (Hon.) Cantab. 1900; Dunelm., 1904; Mus. Doc. Oxon 1905; Yale, USA, 1905; University of London, 1931; LLD (Hon.) Leeds, 1904, Aberdeen, Western University of Penn, USA; Hon. Professor Royal Hungarian Academy of Music; MA (Hon.) Birmingham; Corr. Member Société des Compositeurs de Musique (Paris); Hon. Academician Regia Accademia di Santa Cecilia (Rome); Accad. R. Istituto (Florence); Hon. Member Royal Swedish Academy (Stockholm); Hon. Fellow Royal College of Music; Hon. Fellow Royal College of Organists; Corresponding Member American Academy Arts and Letters, 1929; several Imperial Russian and German decorations (lapsed)

FRAZER, James (George) (1854 - 1941), Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge; of the Middle Temple, Barrister-at-law and Hon. Bencher, 1931; Hon. Freeman of the city of Glasgow, 1932; Hon. DCL Oxford; Hon. LLD Glasgow and St Andrews; Hon. LittD Cambridge, Durham, and Manchester; PhD Athens; Doctor Honoris Causa of the Universities of Paris and Strasbourg; Hon. Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh; Associate Member of the Institut de France; Commandeur de la Légion d’Honneur; Commander of the Order of Leopold (Belgium); Corresponding Member of the Prussian Academy of Science; Extraordinary Member of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Science; Zaharoff Lecture at Oxford on Condorcet, Feb. 1933

GRAHAM, Thomas Ottiwell (1883 - 1966), Member of Council (Past President) Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland; Consulting Surgeon for Throat, Nose, and Ear to Royal City of Dublin Hospital, and to Royal Victoria Eye and Ear Hospital, Dublin; Consulting Aural Surgeon to Dr Steevens Hospital; Consulting Aural Surgeon to Dr Steevens Hospital; Consulting Aural Surgeon, Ministry of Pensions Hospital, Dublin; Consulting Surgeon for Nose, Ear and Throat, Monkstown Hospital and St Ultan’s Hospital; Past President, Royal Academy of Medicine in Ireland

O’BRIEN, Christopher Michael (1861 - 1935), Hon. Physician to the City Hospital for Diseases of the Skin and Cancer, Dublin, which institution he took a very active part in founding; first Examiner in Pathology for the Medical Qualification LAHI under the newly-constituted examining board, appointment approved by General Medical Council; Member Correspondent of Dermatological Soc., France; Fellow of the Medical Society, London, and Royal Academy of Medicine, Ireland

THALBEN-BALL, George (Thomas) (1896 - 1987), Bard Ylewyth Mur; Freeman of City of London; Civic and University Organist, Birmingham, 1949–82; Organist, the Temple Church, 1923–81, Organist Emeritus, since 1982; Curator-Organist, The Royal Albert Hall, London; Professor and Examiner, the Royal College of Music; Examiner to the Associated Board of the Royal Academy of Music and the Royal College of Music; Member of the Council and Examiner of Royal College of Organists; Examiner on behalf of the Cape University, 1925; Adviser and Consultant to BBC, 1941

BENSON, Arthur Henry (1852 - 1912), surgeon to the Royal Victoria Eye and Ear Hospital Dublin; Ophthalmic and Aural Surgeon to the Royal City of Dublin Hospital; Ex-University Examiner in Ophthalmology, TCD; Ex-Examiner in Ophthalmology, Royal Colleges of Physicians and Surgeons (conjoint); Ex-Member of Council, RCSI; Fellow and Past President Pathological Section Royal Academy of Medicine; Member of Ophthalmological Societies of UK and of Heidelberg

BOULTON, Harold (Edwin) (1859 - 1935), Knight of Justice of the Order of St John of Jerusalem in England; late Capt. Queen’s Own Cameron Highlanders, Militia; Captain, City of London Yeomanry, Rough Riders, 1914–17 (British War Medal); Hon. Treasurer Queen Mary’s Royal Naval Hospital, Southend, 1914–19; Chairman Queen Mary’s Hostels for Nurses, 1915–21; President of the Scottish Literature and Song Association, Aberdeen, 1929; a Director of the Royal Academy of Music, 1931; an ovate bard of Wales (title Prydydd Genheddloed Prydain)

STONEY, Richard Atkinson (1877 - 1966), Late Consulting Surgeon to Royal City of Dublin Hospital; Late Hon. Surgeon Masonic Boys’ Sch.; Late Consulting Surgeon, Ministry of Pensions Hospital, Leopardstown; Consulting Surgeon, Incorporated Dental Hospital; Late Mem. of Gen. Med. Coun. and Gen. Dental Council; Mem. of Medical Registration Council and Member Dental Board of Ireland; Vice-Pres. Royal Zoological Society, Ireland; late Médecin Major 2ème Class Armée Française; Médecin Chef Hôpital de Lamothe, Villeneuve sur Lot. Chirurgien du 5ème Secteur du 17ème Région, 1915–18; ex-Examiner in Surgery Conjoint Board, RCPI and RCSI; Ex-President, RCSI, 1931 and 1932; Ex-President Royal Academy of Medicine in Ireland Ex-President, Association of the Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland


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A secondary school set up as a trust with private sponsorship and government funding, as part of a government initiative to establish city academies aimed at improving the standards of performance in inner‐city schools in England, particularly in areas of social deprivation. Those who support the initiative, which was introduced in 2002, argue that schools which are well resourced with the latest learning technology will be more likely to succeed in motivating disaffected and disengaged learners; and that the example of success provided by the city academy sponsors themselves will encourage and inspire young people to work hard at school and aspire to worthwhile goals in terms of career and qualifications. It is also suggested that the existence of city academies and the example they set of high pupil achievement will encourage other, competing schools to raise their own standards. The government target is to have established 200 city academies by 2010.

To become an academy, a school is required to raise up to £2 million in private sponsorship. The government then contributes a further sum—usually in the region of £25 million—towards the school's start‐up costs. The establishment of an academy sometimes involves the demolition and replacement of old school buildings on existing sites; or it may involve the creation of an entirely new school. Sponsors may include private business organizations, private schools, religious organizations, and charities. The influence, expertise, and business acumen of such external sponsors is, it is argued, vital to the regeneration and improvement of inner‐city schools. To this end, sponsors occupy the majority of places on the governing body which controls the academy's trust.

Although city academies, like state secondary schools, must follow the national curriculum, they do not have to employ staff who are registered with the General Teaching Council. In effect, this means that their teachers are not required to have full qualified teacher status, and that the academies are not required to adhere to nationally agreed guidelines on teachers' salaries. Teachers' hours and conditions may also vary from those in state schools.

One of the claims made for city academies is that they will create a positive ethos, and that each will have the freedom to establish its own specific ethos, which will be significantly influenced by the values and beliefs of its sponsors. This has led to some criticisms on the grounds that the curriculum could be employed to reflect contentious beliefs, such as that of creationism. The academies have also been criticized on the grounds of their performance, since, in almost half of those established by 2007, pupils' results in the General Certificate of Secondary Education examinations had not improved under the trust arrangement, and, in some, achievement was actually lower than under the state school system.

Although the government requires academies to take pupils of all abilities, the substantial government funding invested in the academies, and the publicity surrounding the implementation of the initiative, has created significant pressure on them to succeed; and this, according to many education commentators, may be why pupil exclusion and expulsion figures for some academies have been relatively high, and why there are fears that the pressure to succeed may result in their seeking to recruit mainly pupils with good test results and with no learning difficulties. At this stage, therefore, educational opinion on the role and principle of city academies is divided. See also academy.


Subjects: Education.

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