Civil Constitution of the Clergy

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The legislative measures passed by the Constituent Assembly during the French Revolution to reorganize the Church in France. Salaries of the clergy were to be paid by the State, bishops and curés were to be elected by the more prosperous local citizens, and the Papal power of confirming nominations to the episcopate was transferred to the metropolitans. On 27 Nov. 1790 the Assembly imposed an oath to the Civil Constitution on all priests wishing to retain ecclesiastical office. About half the parish clergy accepted it. See also Constitutional Church.

Subjects: Christianity.

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