Whig Politician. Clarendon served under such diverse leaders as Aberdeen, Palmerston, Russell, and Gladstone (1853–8, 1865–6, and 1868–70). The Tory leader, Derby, twice offered him a place in government. A good linguist, he was an acknowledged expert on foreign affairs. Clarendon had learned the skills of diplomacy as minister in Madrid during the Carlist wars and later as lord‐lieutenant in Ireland (1847–52). As foreign secretary in 1853 he had the misfortune during the Crimean War to be in a divided cabinet. Clarendon's biggest opportunity to distinguish himself occurred during the Congress of Paris in 1856 when he resisted the more extreme demands of Palmerston in London.
Subjects: British History.