Alexis Claude Clairaut


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Pierre-Louis Moreau de Maupertuis (1698—1759)

James Bradley (1693—1762) astronomer


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Frenchmathematician and physicist. In 1736 he took part in an expedition to Lapland to measure the length of a degree of latitude; the result proved that the Earth is an oblate spheroid. The next year he provided a rigorous theoretical explanation for the aberration of starlight, which J. Bradley had been unable to do. He used his own solution of the three-body problem to derive an accurate prediction for the date of perihelion passage of Halley's Comet on its return in 1758/9.

Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics.

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