One of the two major forms of conditioning (1), being the process of learning (1) through which an initially neutral stimulus (1), such as the ticking of a metronome, comes to elicit a particular response, such as salivation, as a consequence of being paired repeatedly with an unconditioned stimulus, such as food. Also called Pavlovian conditioning. See also backward conditioning, delayed conditioning, evaluative conditioning, feature negative learning, feature positive learning, forward conditioning, higher-order conditioning, latent inhibition. Compare operant conditioning, reflexology (2).
Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine — Psychology.