classical temple

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A substantial ceremonial building constructed in Graeco‐Roman styles of architecture for the worship or veneration of the gods and goddesses of the Graeco‐Roman pantheon. Such temples comprise a platform or podium on which stood a cella fronted by a pronaos or vestibule with a colonnaded portico. The portico is usually approached by a stepped face to the podium. The cella may be surrounded by a colonnade forming the outside edge of the temple structure. Such temples are typically set within a sacred precinct or temenos. Widely constructed in the central Mediterranean region, examples were built throughout the Roman Empire during the late 1st and early 2nd millennia bc.

Subjects: Archaeology.

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