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classification of conditions of the periodontium


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A means of categorizing the disease processes involving the periodontal tissues. Classification systems are used for most diseases and help clinicians to design appropriate therapeutic strategies based on evidence from appropriately conducted clinical trials. Classification provides the local and international healthcare community with a means of communication. A number of periodontal classification schemes have been proposed, modified, and updated as knowledge of the pathobiology of periodontal disease has improved; they may be grouped according to whether there is either periodontal or only gingival involvement.

Classification of conditions of the periodontium

Gingival disease

Periodontal disease

Dental plaque associated

Non-plaque induced

Plaque-related only

Specific bacterial origin

Chronic periodontitis

Modified by systemic factors

Viral origin

Manifestation of systemic condition

Modified by medications

Fungal origin

Necrotizing periodontal disease

Modified by malnutrition

Genetic origin

Abscesses of the periodontium

Manifestations of systemic conditions

Periodontal-endodontic lesions

Traumatic lesions

Developmental or acquired conditions

Foreign body reactions

Not otherwise specified

Armitage G., Development of a classification system for periodontal diseases and conditions. International Workshop for a Classification of Periodontal Diseases and Conditions. Annals of Periodontology 1999; 4:1:1–6.

Subjects: Dentistry.


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