‘Herodes Atticus’ (c. ad 101–177), Athenian sophist and benefactor of Greek cities, consul 143; friend of Marcus Aurelius, whom he taught (along with Verus). A controversial public figure, he quarrelled with Fronto and the Quintilii brothers, governors of Achaia, and was accused of ‘tyranny’ by Athenian enemies (174) before Marcus Aurelius, whose efforts to reconcile the two parties emerge from a long Athenian inscription; his gifts of buildings, esp. at Athens (see athens, topography), were not always appreciated by fellow Greeks (see olympia). His declaiming style was straightforward, elegant, and restrained, and it influenced a wide circle of pupils. His works included lectures and diaries. Philostratus made him the centre‐piece of his Lives of the Sophists. See second sophistic.
Subjects: Classical Studies.