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Of Sicyon, the greatest tyrant of the family of Orthagoras, which ruled for the record period of a century (probably c.665–565 bc). His reign (c.600–570) was allegedly marked by a movement against the Argive Dorian ascendancy (see argos ): the three traditional Dorian tribes (phylai) were given derogatory names while the non‐Dorian was called Archelāoi (‘Rulers’); the competition between rhapsodes was suppressed because Homer celebrated the deeds of the Argives, an Argive hero was replaced by a Theban, and a new festival of Dionysus was established. His daughter Agaristē (mother of the Athenian Cleisthenes 2) married the Alcmaeonid Megacles after a year‐long house party for her suitors. In the First Sacred War Cleisthenes was prominent on the winning side: he destroyed the offending city, and won the chariot‐race in the first Pythian Games.

Subjects: Classical Studies.

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