Historian of Alexander (2) the Great. His work achieved great popularity. Its date was probably early (c.310 bc) and derived from first‐hand information. Cleitarchus was the source of the so‐called ‘vulgate tradition’ (the numerous passages of Diodorus 2 Siculus, Curtius Rufus, and Justin, which transmit the same information). This common tradition supplements and sometimes corrects the court‐based account of Arrian, notably in the vivid reports of the sieges of Halicarnassus and Tyre, and the detailed narrative of operations in central Asia. There was a propensity for scenes of slaughter and suffering, perhaps exaggerated but revealing more sensitivity to the human cost of conquest than Arrian's somewhat sanitized account.
Subjects: Classical Studies.