Pope from 1342. Pierre Roger was elected Pope at Avignon. His French sympathies hindered his efforts to make peace between England and France, and, together with his lavish use of Papal provisions, led to anti-Papal legislation in England, notably the first Statute of Provisors (1351). Like his predecessor, he refused to confirm the election as Emperor of Louis of Bavaria and he appointed Charles of Bohemia (Charles IV) King of the Romans in 1346. In Italy he faced turmoil in Naples under his ward, Queen Joanna, and popular revolt in Rome led by Cola di Rienzo in 1347. He strengthened the Papal establishment at Avignon by buying the city from Joanna of Naples and trying to make it the intellectual nucleus of Christendom. He was celebrated as a preacher and theologian, and he protected the Jews.
Subjects: Christianity — Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).