Clement XIV


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Pope from 1769. He was elected after a stormy conclave, the Bourbon courts having decided to recognize only a Pope ready to suppress the Jesuits. His chief aim was to preserve peace with the Catholic powers in order to gain their support against the growing irreligion; under pressure he issued a brief suppressing the Society of Jesus in 1773. The former Papal possessions of Avignon and Benevento were restored, but in France a royal commission continued suppressing religious houses, and in Portugal the secular authorities interfered in ecclesiastical affairs and education.

Subjects: Christianity.

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