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Samuel Taylor Coleridge (1772—1834) poet, critic, and philosopher

John Stuart Mill (1806—1873) philosopher, economist, and advocate of women's rights


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An idea or proposal for a publicly endowed national class or order, in whom the culture and learning of a nation is embodied, a class or order composed not merely of theologians and divines but of non‐sectarian thinkers capable of advancing learning in all branches of knowledge. This idea or proposal was first advanced in Coleridge's On the Constitution of the Church and State (1830), a work which also contained the suggestion that a few members of the clerisy should reside at university with the rest being distributed throughout the country. Also, incidentally, an idea quite strongly favoured in the Broad Church movement and one taken up enthusiastically by liberals such as John Stuart Mill who were permanently preoccupied with enhancing the role of intellectuals in politics.


Subjects: Politics.

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