French statesman, Prime Minister (1906–09; 1917–20). A radical politician and journalist, he persistently opposed the government during the early years of World War I, before becoming Premier and seeing France through to victory in 1918. He presided at the Versailles peace talks, where he pushed hard for a punitive settlement with Germany, but failed to obtain all that he demanded (notably the River Rhine as a frontier). He founded the newspaper L'Aurore.
Subjects: Social Sciences — History.