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Sir Lewis Clifford

(c. 1330—1404) soldier and suspected heretic


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Thomas Walsingham (c. 1340—1422) historian and prior of Wymondham

Lollards

 

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(c.1330–1404). Clifford's family came from Devon. By 1360 he was in the service of the Black Prince, and after his death served his widow Joan and his son Richard II; he increased his wealth and landholding by marriage, and took part in a number of military campaigns in France and elsewhere. He was named by Walsingham and Henry Knighton as a Lollard knight, and was certainly in close association with others of that group; the claim by Walsingham that Clifford abandoned his Lollard beliefs in 1402 may be questionable. Clifford brought Chaucer the poem written in his honour by Eustache Deschamps in 1385 or 1386, along with some of the French poet's balades, and Clifford's son-in-law Philip la Vache is the addressee of Truth; it has been suggested that Clifford was godfather to Chaucer's son Lewis (Lewis Chaucer).

From The Oxford Companion to Chaucer in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Literary Studies (Early and Medieval).


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