A Roman Catholic monastic order established in ad 910 of which the abbey of Cluny near Maçon, France, was the parent house. All the daughter houses spread across Europe owed allegiance to Cluny. This order became extremely powerful and wealthy, its buildings ornate, and its services elaborate. By the 16th century ad there were about 2000 Cluniac houses across Europe.
Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).